Key ICT Progresses in Last Five Years

Infrastructure

The political commitment of the government to build an ICT-based society is good. Several ICT related laws have been passed in last couple of years which are essential to regulate this sector. The government has decided to build a tech park in Dhaka to facilitate the progress of ICT sector. But still there are many deficiencies in the regulatory framework and infrastructure development of ICT sector. Overcoming these deficiencies is the biggest challenge for implementing the vision of a ‘Digital Bangladesh’.

PC Market

The tablet is getting popular among people. The year 2012-13 has been the year for notebook and tablet PC with consumers preferring tablet over PC as their replacement. The industry is hopeful that the overall PC sales specially tab and laptop for 2013-14 will increase along with the widescreen smart phones.

Software & Outsourcing

The earning from outsourcing IT jobs has increased by 56% in 2013, said sources in the Bangladesh Association for Software and Information Services (BASIS). In the 2011-12 fiscal year, the earning was USD 70.6 million, while it was USD 46.35 million in the 2010-11 fiscal year, referring to the latest available data of the Export Promotion Bureau (EPB). According to BASIS officials, at present there are more than 500 software companies in the country. Of these, about 178 are doing outsourcing jobs.

The country's ICT export exceeded 100 million US dollars in the last fiscal year and BASIS is now working with 1 billion US dollars. Software leaders hoped that this industry will contribute 1 percent of GDP in coming years. Apps development also was most talked and inspiring among the youth. With the growth of smartphone market the mobile app development sector will grow phenomenally, as more subscribers will be downloading and using the apps on their phones.

Ecommerce /M-commerce

In last five years perhaps this sector has seen the most significant growth. There was a concern whether general people would find it appealing to buy online but the growth rate of ecommerce sites has diminished that concern. Toady ecommerce sites are mushrooming to cater different aspects of individual needs.
On the other hand, M-commerce or Mobile Commerce refers to wireless electronic commerce used for conductingcommerce or business through a handy device like cellular phone or Personal Digital Assistant(PDAs). In other words it is the ability to conduct commerce using a mobile device, such as amobile phone, a Personal digital assistant (PDA), a Smartphone, or other emerging mobileequipment such as dashpot mobile devices It is the next generation wireless e-commerce thatneeds no wire and plug-in devices. Mobile commerce is usually called as 'm-Commerce' inwhich user can do any sort of transaction including buying and selling of the goods, asking anyservices, transferring the ownership or rights, transacting and transferring the money byaccessing wireless internet service on the mobile handset itself.

3G and Telco

The commercial operation of 3-G mobile technology has been initiated. Following various steps that were undertaken in the telecommunication sector, the number of mobile users has increased to 9.86 crore and internet users to 3.40 crore. Also tele-density and internet density have increased to 64.6% and 19.9%, respectively.